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5 Lacanian neuropsychoanalysis: on the role of language motor dynamics for language processing and for mental constitution – Ariane Bazan, Gertrudis Van de Vijver and Diana Caine
In the first volume of Clinical Neuropsychoanalysis, Kaplan-Solms and Solms (2001) compare a patient with a Broca-type aphasia, Mr. J, and one with a Wernicke-type aphasia, Mrs. K. Broadly speaking, the authors find that Mr. J’s ‘ego functioning’ is ‘normal’, i.e. that he can reappraise and adjust to changed realities, even if he has enormous difficulties expressing himself verbally, while Mrs. K’s speech production is fluent but she often ‘goes blank’ mentally, being unable both to understand non-idiomatic speech and to bring her own speech intentions into execution. The authors conclude that (1) “The motor aspect of the word, then, and therefore the motor com- ponent of the speech apparatus – Broca’s area – (…) is little more than an output channel for the ego’s complex workings; its role in verbal thinking is superfluous.” (p. 89; their italics) and (2) “the auditory-component of word presentation does participate in some way in the executive functioning of the ego.” (p. 114). In what follows we will spell out how, to the contrary, in our view the motor component of the speech apparatus is actually constitutive of access to symbolic language (and hence of ego-functioning), while the auditory component is no more than an auxiliary for this access. Having done so, we provide an alternative explanation for Mrs. K’s mental failures and Mr. J’s mental robustness, in terms of dorsal and ventral language pathways, and of secondary and primary processing, in place of the traditional framework of Broca’s and Wernicke’s aphasias.
Bruxelmane, J., Shin, J., Olyff, G. & Bazan, A. (2020). Eyes wide shut: primary process opens up. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 145. DOI=10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00145
Balchin, R., Barry, V., Bazan, A., Blechner, M. J., Clarici, A., Mosri, D. F., Fotopoulou, A., Goergen, M. S., Kessler, R., Matthis, I., Zúñiga, J. F. M., Northoff, G., Olds, D., Oppenheim, L., Reismann-Lagrèze, D., Tsakiris, M., Watt, D., Yeates, G., & Zellner, M. (2019). Reflections on 20 years of Neuropsychoanalysis. Neuropsychoanalysis, 21(2), 89-123. DOI: 1080/15294145.2019.1695978
Vanheule, S., Adriaens, P., Bazan, A., Bracke, P., Devisch, I., Feys, J-L., Froyen, B., Gerard, S., Nieman, D., Van Os, J., & Calmeyn, M. (2019). Belgian Governmental Superior Health Council advises against the use of the DSM categories and promotes contextualising psychiatric diagnosis. The Lancet Psychiatry, v6, 726.
Bazan, A., Kushwaha, R., Winer, E.S., Snodgrass, J.M., Brakel, L.A.W, Shevrin, H. (2019). Phonological ambiguity detection outside of consciousness, and its defensive avoidance. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13, doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00077
Bazan, A., Jorge Mendes, S., Antoine-Moussiaux, J., Prys, D. (2019, February 18). Empirical evidence for psychic transparency in pregnancy. Psychoanalytic Psychology. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/pap0000212
Bazan, A. & Poenaru, L. (2018). « Le lieu vide comme garant de liberté et de changement. Entretien avec Ariane Bazan ». In analysis (2) 87-92.
Ariane Bazan (2018): Psychoanalysis and academia: Psychoanalysis at the crossroads between exact and human sciences, International Forum of Psychoanalysis, DOI: 10.1080/0803706X.2017.1392040
Steinig, J., Bazan, A. Happe, S., Antonetti, S., Shevrin, H. (2017). Processing of a subliminal rebus during sleep: Idiosyncratic primary versus secondary process associations upon awakening of REM- versus non-REM-sleep. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1955. DOI=10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01955
Detandt, S., Bazan, A., Quertemont, E., & Verbanck, P. (2017). Smoking addiction the shift from head to hands. Approach bias towards smoking-related cues in low dependent versus dependent smokers. Journal of Psychopharmacology; 31(7):819-829. doi: 10.1177/0269881117699606.
Detandt, S., Bazan, A., Schroder, E., Olyff, G., Kajosch, H., Verbanck, P., & Campanella, S. (2017). A smoking-related background helps smokers to focus. An Event-Related Potentials study during a Go-NoGo Task in smokers. Clinical Neurophysiology, 128, 1872-1885.
Bazan, A. (2017). Alpha synchronization as a brain model for unconscious defense: An overview of the work of Howard Shevrin and his team. The International Journal of Psychoanalysis doi:10.1111/1745-8315.12629 . pdf IJP 2017
Detandt, S., Leys, C. & Bazan, A., (2017). A French Translation of the Pleasure Arousal Dominance (PAD) Semantic Differential Scale for the Measure of Affect and Drive. Psychologica Belgica, 57(1), 17–31. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/pb.340
Mosri, D. F., Axmacher, N., Bazan, A. & Kessler, R. J. (2016). Continued Dialogue on The Oxford-style Debate from the 15th Annual Congress of the International Neuropsychoanalysis Society New York City, 2014, Neuropsychoanalysis, 18(1), 69-77.
Bazan, A. (2015). The Role of Biology in the Advent of Psychology. Neuropsychoanalysis and the Foundation of a Mental Level of Causality. In: Neuroscience and Critique: Exploring the Limits or Neurological Turn. Jan De Vos et Ed Pluth, 173-187.
Bazan, A. & Detandt, S. (2015). Trauma and jouissance, a neuropsychoanalytic perspective. Journal of the Centre for Freudian Analysis and Research (JCFAR), 26, 99-127.
Bazan, A. (2015). Speaking to the subject or speaking to the function: each address requires its proper terms – Commentary. The Oxford-style debate: the 15th neuropsychoanalysis congress, New York, 2014: “This house believes that neuroscientific terms must never replace psychoanalytic ones”. Neuropsychoanalysis. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15294145.2015.1038131
Bazan, A. & Detandt, S. (2013). On the physiology of jouissance: interpreting the mesolimbic dopaminergic reward functions from a psychoanalytic perspective. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00709
Shevrin, H., Snodgrass, M., Brakel, L.A., Kushwaha, R., Kalaida, N.L., Bazan, A. (2013). Subliminal unconscious conflict alpha power inhibits supraliminal conscious symptom experience. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5, 7, 544. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00544.
Bazan, A., Van Draege, K., De Kock, L., Brakel, L.A.W., Geerardyn, F., Shevrin, H. (2013). Empirical evidence for primary process mentation in acute psychosis. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 30(1), 57-74. pdf
Bazan, A. & Snodgrass, M. (2012). On unconscious inhibition Instantiating repression in the brain. In: A. Fotopoulou, D.W. Pfaff, & E. M. Conway (Eds.), Trends in Psychodynamic Neuroscience, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 307-337. Unconscious inhibition pdf
Heenen-Wolff, S., Verougstraete, A., & Bazan, A. (2011). The Belgo-Belgian Conflict in Individual Narratives: Psychodynamics of Trauma in the History of Belgium. Memory Studies, November 16, 2011. Belgium
Vanheule, S., Roelstraete, B., Geerardyn, F., Murphy, C., Bazan, A., Brakel, L.A.W. (2011). Construct validation and internal consistency of the geometric categorization task (GEOCAT) for measuring primary and secondary processes. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 28, 2, 209-228.
Bazan, A. (2010). Howard Shevrin and the Shevrin Lab. In Ariane Bazan (Ed.), Conversations with Howard Shevrin: His work, his research, his ideas (217-228). Psychoanalytische Perspectieven, Ghent: Department of Psychoanalysis and Clinical Consulting, University of Ghent. (Howard Shevrin and the Shevrin lab 217-228)
Bazan, A. (2010). Conversations with Howard Shevrin I: Ann Arbor, December 8th, 2004. In Ariane Bazan (Ed.), Conversations with Howard Shevrin: His work, his research, his ideas (229-246). Psychoanalytische Perspectieven, Ghent: Department of Psychoanalysis and Clinical Consulting, University of Ghent. (Bazan Conversations with Howard Shevrin)
Bazan, A. (2010). Conversations with Howard Shevrin II: Ann Arbor, June 17th, 2005. In Ariane Bazan (Ed.), Conversations with Howard Shevrin: His work, his research, his ideas (247-269). Psychoanalytische Perspectieven, Ghent: Department of Psychoanalysis and Clinical Consulting, University of Ghent. (20 3 Bazan Conversations with Howard Shevrin II PP 2010)
Bazan, A. (2010). Conversations with Howard Shevrin III: Ghent, December 1st, 2005. In Ariane Bazan (Ed.), Conversations with Howard Shevrin: His work, his research, his ideas (271-308). Psychoanalytische Perspectieven, Ghent: Department of Psychoanalysis and Clinical Consulting, University of Ghent. (Bazan Conversations with Howard Shevrin III)
Bazan, A. (2008). A mind for resolving the interior-exterior distinctions. Dans: D. Dietrich, G. Fodor, G. Zucker & D. Bruckner (éds.), Simulating the Mind. The Mental Apparatus – A Technical Neuropsychoanalytical Approach. (Engeneering and Neuro-Psychoanalysis Forum Book). Springer, Wien, 394-399.
Bazan, A. (2007). An attempt towards an integrative comparison of psychoanalytical and sensorimotor control theories of action. In: P. Haggard, Y. Rossetti & M. Kawato (eds.), Attention and Performance XXII. Oxford University Press, 319-338.
Villa, K.K., Shevrin, H., Snodgrass, M., Bazan, A., Brakel, L.A.W. (2006). Testing Freud’s hypothesis that word forms and word meanings are functionally distinct in the unconscious: Subliminal primary process cognition and its links to personality. Neuro-Psychoanalysis, 8(2),117-135.
Bazan, A., Van Bunder, D. (2005). Some comments on the emotional and motor dynamics of language embodiment. A neurophysiological understanding of the Freudian Unconscious. In: H. De Preester & V. Knockaert (eds.), Body Image & Body Schema, interdisciplinary perspectives. John Benjamins: 49-107.
Bazan, A., Geerardyn, F., Knockaert, V., Van Bunder, D., Van de Vijver, G. (2002). Anticipation as exercising (language) motor programs during dreams. A neuropsychoanalytical hypothesis. In: International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, 12 (D. M. Dubois, Ed.), CHAOS, Liège: 181-194.
Geerardyn, F., Van de Vijver, G., Knockaert, V., Bazan, A., Van Bunder, D. (2002). “How do I know what I think till hear what I say”: On the emergence of consciousness between the biological and the social. Evolution and Coginition 8(2), 249-255.
Geerardyn, F., Knockaert, V., Van de Vijver, G., Van Bunder, D., Bazan, A. (2002). Anticipation, the Subject and the Partial Object. A Psychoanalytical Approach, Casys. International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems 12, 222-229.34.
Knockaert, V., Geerardyn, F., Van de Vijver, G., Van Bunder, D., Bazan, A. (2002). Anticipation, Memory and Attention in the Early Works of Freud, Casys. International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems. 12, 241-253 pdf
Van Bunder, D., Knockaert, V., Van de Vijver, G., Geerardyn, F., Bazan, A. (2002). The Return of the Repressed, Anticipation and the Logic of the Signifier, Casys. International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, 12, 293-301.
Van de Vijver, G., Knockaert, V., Van Bunder, D., Bazan, A., Geerardyn, F. (2002). Anticipation and identification a comment on Lacan’s Mirror Stage, Casys. International Journal of Computing Anticipatory Systems, 12, 301-315.
Bazan, A., Van de Velde, E., de Paepe, B., Fraeyman, N. (2000). Properties of the ventricular adrenergic signal transduction system during ontogeny of spontaneous hypertension in rats. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology, 35(4), 653-663.
Fraeyman, N., Vande Velde, E., Van Ermen, A., Bazan, A., Vanderheyden, P., Van Emmelo, J., Vandekerckhove, J. (2000). Effect of maturation and aging on ß-adrenergic signal tranduction in rat kidney and liver. Biochemical Pharmacology, 60, 1787-1795.
Bazan, A., Fraeyman, N. (1995). Ontogeny of Gs- and Gi-proteins in kidneys of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Thérapie, 329-343.
Bazan, A., Fraeyman, N. (1994). Ontogeny of renal Gs-proteins in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Archives Internationales de Physiologie, de Biochimie et de Biophysique 102, B69.
Fraeyman, N., Bazan, A. (1994). Characteristics of Gsa-proteins in heart of Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats. Clinical Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology S1, S24.
Fraeyman, N., Bazan, A., Vanscheeuwijck, P. (1994). Thermodynamic analysis of isoproterenol binding to ß-adrenoceptors in rat lung membranes. European Journal of Pharmacology – Molecular Pharmacology, 267, 1, 63-69.
Bazan, A., Van de Velde, E., Fraeyman, N. (1994). Effect of age on ß-recptors, Gsa- and Gia-proteins in rat heart. Biochemical Pharmacology, 48, 3, 479-486.
Fraeyman, N.,Bazan, A. (1993). Aging and cardiac beta-adrenoceptors in two rat strains. Drug Design and Discovery, 9(3-4), 300.